A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials recently published in the journal Circulation concluded that coconut oil consumption results in significantly higher LDL (bad) cholesterol than consumption of non-tropical plant oils such as soybean and canola. To a much lesser extent, it also raises HDL (good) cholesterol.
Increasing HDL-cholesterol levels has not been shown to lower cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, but higher LDL-cholesterol is assoicated with higher CVD risk. Coconut oil consumption did not significantly affect markers of blood sugar control, inflammation, or obesity compared to non-tropical oils.
This study adds to the evidence that coconut oil is not associated with health benefits and argues against its routine use.