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October 2018

Full Issue (PDF)

Download The Full Issue PDF —Subscribers Only

Articles

Healthy, Satisfying Snacks

A snack is basically any food or drink consumed between meals. Researchers sometimes add qualifiers (a snack is smaller than a meal, provides less calories, or takes place at least 15 minutes after mealtime), but most snackers are probably just looking for a quick, convenient way to make it to the next meal without getting “hangry,” or a pleasurable break from the daily routine.

Eating for the Environment —Subscribers Only

Food production impacts the environment, and interest in how food choices can reduce this impact is rising. According to the 2018 International Food Information Council Foundation food and health survey, 59 percent of consumers say it’s important to them that the foods they purchase and consume be produced sustainably, up from 50 percent in 2017. The latest research, including research from Tufts, indicates that a more plant-based diet is a more sustainable, environmentally-friendly diet.

The Facts about Local Produce —Subscribers Only

Throughout the summer and fall, farm stands display locally-grown fruits and vegetables, and supermarkets offer fresh seasonal produce, along with organic, conventional, imported, and frozen selections. Understanding the variables associated with these options may make deciding what to buy a little easier.

Ask Tufts Experts

Q. What are the nutritional differences between raw and roasted nuts?

Q. What are the nutritional differences between raw and roasted nuts?

Q. How is the number of calories determined in a portion of food?

Q. How is the number of calories determined in a portion of food?

Q. You have suggested people eat chocolate to get the antioxidants and other “good stuff” that it contains. Do we get the same benefits if we eat chocolate in another form, such as chocolate milk, cake, or pudding? 

Q. You have suggested people eat chocolate to get the antioxidants and other “good stuff” that it contains. Do we get the same benefits if we eat chocolate in another form, such as chocolate milk, cake, or pudding? 

NewsBites

Vegetarian Diets Improve Diabetes Management

A recent systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials published in the journal Clinical Nutrition found that vegetarian-style dietary patterns (from vegan, which omits all animal products, to ovo-lacto-vegetarian, which includes eggs and dairy) may be helpful in diabetes management.

Muscle Loss, Obesity, and Cognitive Performance

As people get older, the body tends to lose muscle mass and strength. This process is called sarcopenia, a term coined by Friedman School professor and former dean Irwin Rosenberg. Sarcopenia can make activities of daily life more difficult and increase risk of falls. A recent study in the journal Clinical Interventions in Aging looked at whether sarcopenia could be a predictor of reduced cognition.

Multivitamin Use Does Not Help Heart Health

A recent systematic review and meta-analysis published in the journal Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes concluded that multivitamin/mineral (MVM) supplementation does not protect against cardiovascular disease.

Physical Activity on the Rise but Still Low

According to a recent report from the CDC and federal department of Health and Human Services, only 23 percent of American adults aged 18 to 64 years get the recommended amount of physical activity.

Special Reports

New Nutrition Facts Labels

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has finalized regulations mandating several important changes on the Nutrition Facts panels on packaged foods. “Poor diets are the leading cause of poor health and rising healthcare costs in America,” says Jerold Mande, MPH, a professor at Tufts’ Friedman School of Health Science and Policy who, as senior advisor to the commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration, led the design of the original Nutrition Facts label. “The new label can help us as we work to solve this underappreciated nutrition crisis.” Here is a rundown of the changes.